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Imam Ali b. al-Husayn al-Sajjad (AS)

Introduction

ʿAli b. al-Husayn b. ʿAli b. ʾAbi Talib (b. 38/659 – d. 95/713) known as Imam al-Sajjad and Zayn al-ʿAbidin is the fourth Imam of Shi'a. The period of his imamate was 34 years. He (a) was present in the Battle of Karbala but did not participate in the battle because of sickness and was not martyred. He (a) was taken captive to Kufa and Damascus together with other captives of Karbala. His speech at the presence of Umayyad caliphs created awareness among people about the position of the Ahl al-Bayt (a). After being released, he (a) stayed in Medina until the end of his life. The event of Harra, Tawwabun movement and the uprising of al-Mukhtar happened at his time, however there is no reliable report of his opinions about them.

Historical Facts

Teknonym

Abu l-Hasan

Born

Sha'ban 5, 38/January 6, 659

Birthplace

Medina

Imamate

From Muharram 10, 61/October 10, 680(for 34 years)

Martyrdom

Muharram 25, 95/October 20, 713 in Medina

Cause of Martyrdom

by Poisoning

Burial Place

Al-Baqi' cemetery

Predecessor

Al-Husayn b. 'Ali (a)

Successor

Muhammad b. 'Ali al-Baqir

Father

al-Husayn b. 'Ali (a)

Mother

Shahrbanu

Brother(s)

'Ali al-Akbar, 'Abd Allah

Sister(s)

Sukayna, Fatima, Ruqayya

Spouse(s)

Umm 'Abd Allah

Son(s)

Muhammad, 'Abd Allah, Zayd

Daughter(s)

Khadija, Fatima, Umm Kulthum

Lectures

Other Imams