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Imam Ja'far b. Muhammad al-Sadiq (AS)

Introduction

Jaʿfar b. Muhammad b. ʿAli b. al-Husayn (a), (b. 83/702 – d. 148/765) known as Imam al-Sadiq (a), is the sixth Imam of Imamiyya and the fifth Imam of Isam'ilis. His Imamate lasted 34 (lunar) years (114/733 - 148/765) and was concurrent with the reign of the last five Umayyad caliphs (that is, from Hisham b. 'Abd al-Malik onwards) and with that of the first two Abbasid caliphs, al-Saffah and al-Mansur al-Dawaniqi. Because of the weakness of the Umayyad rule at his time, Imam al-Sadiq (a) was able to have relatively wider scholarly activities. His companions, students, and those who quoted hadiths from him is said to have amounted to four-thousand people. Most of the hadiths of Ahl al-Bayt (a) recorded in Twelver Shiite hadith collections are from Imam al-Sadiq (a). This is why Imamiyya is called Ja'fari School. Imam al-Sadiq (a) has had a high status in the eyes of prominent Sunni scholars. Abu Hanifa and Malik b. Anas were among the people who quoted hadiths from him.

Historical Facts

Teknonym

Abu 'Abd Allah

Born

Rabi' I 17, 83/April 20, 702

Birthplace

Medina

Imamate

From Dhu l-Hijja 7, 114/28 January, 733(for 34 years)

Contemporary Rulers

Hisham b. 'Abd al-Malik, al-Walid b. Yazid b. 'Abd al-Malik, Marwan b. Muhammad, Abu l-'Abbas al-Saffah, al-Mansur al-Dawaniqi

Martyrdom

Shawwal 25, 148/December 14, 765 in Medina

Cause of Martyrdom

by Poisoning

Burial Place

Al-Baqi' cemetery

Predecessor

Imam Muhammad b. Ali al-Baqir (a)

Successor

Musa b. Ja'far

Father

Muhammad b. 'Ali (a)

Mother

Umm Farwa

Spouse(s)

Fatima, Hamida

Son(s)

Musa, Isma'il, 'Abd Allah, 'Ali, al-'Abbas

Daughter(s)

Asma', Umm Farwa

Lectures

Other Imams