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Imam Muhammad b. Ali al-Baqir (AS)

Introduction

Muhammad b. ʿAli b. al-Husayn b. ʿAli b. Abi Talib (b. 57/677 – d. 114/733) known as Imam al-Baqir (a) and Baqir al-'Ulum, was the fifth Imam of the Shi'a, whose period of Imamate lasted nineteen years. Imam al-Baqir (a) made a great scientific movement which reached its peak at the time of his son Imam al-Sadiq (a). His narrations in religion, conduct of the Prophet (s), Qur'an sciences, moral conduct, and manner is more than what is remained from the children of Imam al-Hasan (a) and Imam al-Husayn (a). Thus, during his imamate, a great step was taken towards organization of Shi'i thought in different fields including ethics, jurisprudence, theology, exegesis, etc. According to historical sources he was present at Battle of Karbala as a child.

Historical Facts

Teknonym

Abu Ja'far

Born

Rajab 1, 57/May 10, 677

Birthplace

Medina

Imamate

From Muharram 25, 95/October 20, 713(for 19 years)

Martyrdom

Dhu l-Hijja 7, 114/January 28, 733

Cause of Martyrdom

by Poisoning

Burial Place

Al-Baqi' cemetery

Predecessor

Imam Ali b. al-Husayn al-Sajjad (a)

Successor

Ja'far b. Muhammad (a)

Father

'Ali b. al-Husayn (a)

Mother

Fatima bt. al-Hasan

Spouse(s)

Umm Farwa, Umm Hakim

Son(s)

Ja'far, Ibrahim, 'Ali, 'Abd Allah, 'Ubayd Allah

Daughter(s)

Zaynab, Umm Salama

Lectures

Other Imams